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Country of the Week: Swaziland

Taken from

Population: 1,123,913
country comparison to the world: 157
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 39.4% (male 223,420/female 219,420)
15-64 years: 56.9% (male 308,251/female 331,623)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 15,261/female 25,938) (2009 est.)
Median age:
total: 18.8 years
male: 18.2 years
female: 19.5 years (2009 est.)
Population growth rate:
-0.459% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 226 (LAST)
Birth rate:
26.25 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63
Death rate:
30.7 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 1
Net migration rate:
NA (2009 est.)
urban population: 25% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 1.7% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Sex ratio:
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.59 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 68.63 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 27
male: 71.87 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 65.29 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 31.88 years
country comparison to the world: 224
male: 31.62 years
female: 32.15 years (2009 est.)
Total fertility rate:
3.24 children born/woman (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:
26.1% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 1
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:
190,000 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
HIV/AIDS – deaths:
10,000 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32
Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2009)
noun: Swazi(s)
adjective: Swazi
Ethnic groups:
African 97%, European 3%
Zionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, other (includes Anglican, Bahai, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish) 30%

English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.6%
male: 82.6%
female: 80.8% (2003 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 10 years
male: 10 years
female: 10 years (2005)
Education expenditures:
7% of GDP (2005)
country comparison to the world: 23


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